Uterine Polyps Symptoms and Causes

Uterine Polyps Symptoms and Causes
0 23 August 2022
Uterine Polyps Symptoms and Causes

Uterine polyps as the name suggest are the soft fleshy overgrowth of uterine cells which tend to extend into the uterine cavity. Also called endometrial polyps these polyps can be benign or cancerous, single or multiple, and can range in sizes from millimetres to centimetres (golf-ball size). These polyps are thatched to the uterus with a stalk-like structure and in rare cases, they can even slip into the vagina too.

“Though uterine polyps are usually associated with women going through menopause they can also occur in young women causing infertility,” says lady gynaecologist in Mumbai Dr Neelima Mantri. In the majority of cases, uterine polyps tend to be the reason for pregnancy and other fertility problems

What causes uterine polyps and what are the uterine polyps’ treatment options in Mumbai? Read on to the answers from gynaecologist Dr Neelima Mantri:

Uterine Polyps Symptoms:

The overgrowth of the tissues will interfere with the regular reproductive function of women. Irregular menstrual periods, bleeding between periods, abnormal blood flow during menstruation, vaginal bleeding and spotting and infertility are some of the common symptoms.

Out of all the symptoms mentioned, irregular menstrual periods are the most common as far as polyps are concerned. Bleeding after menopause or even during sexual intercourse are other unique symptoms that can even show up due to uterine polyps. In a few cases, with the above symptoms, women may even be unable to conceive due to uterine polyps even without showing up any of the symptoms mentioned above.

What causes Uterine Polyps?

The exact cause of uterine polyps is not yet certain.  High oestrogen levels and obesity are the three strong risk factors identified by gynaecologists. Even age is also strongly correlated with the incidence of polyps – it is more likely to strike in women between 40 to 50 years of age. As menopause reduces the oestrogen levels in women and risk of uterine polyps is less. But even post-menopausal women undergoing tamoxifen therapy are also at greater risk of developing uterine polyps.

Treatment for Uterine Polyps in Mumbai:

Not all polyps are symptomatic. Some may sit silently without actually impacting a woman’s reproductive function and in this case, a gynaecologist usually adheres to wait and see approach to come up with a treatment plan.

The most common treatment for uterine polyps is their surgical removal obviously. Hysterectomy is a non-invasive surgical procedure that is used to remove uterine polyps with or without administering general anaesthesia. In a few cases, even after the removal of polyps, there is a risk of regrowth and a gynaecologist will come up with the right medical treatment option to mitigate the risk. Endometrial ablation is another treatment option where the endometrial lining is destroyed to remove the polyps and mitigate their regrowth. However, this is only suggested to elder women who decide to not have children in the future.  If you are in Mumbai and are looking for uterine polyps’ treatment in Mumbai, Dr Neelima Mantri is the best lady gynaecologist in Mumbai who can help you. You can contact her here: https://www.drneelimamantri.com/