Hysterectomy Surgery Procedure

Hysterectomy Surgery Procedure
0 9 June 2021
Hysterectomy Surgery Procedure

Hysterectomy is the surgery of removing a woman’s uterus. It may also include the removal of other organs which surround the uterus.

Various factors may lead to hysterectomy surgery. It includes:

  • > Cancer in the uterus or other surrounding organs.
  • > The abnormal bleeding in the vagina.
  • > Fibroids, the tumors which develop inside the uterus.
  • > Infection in the uterus and its surrounding organs.

Types of hysterectomy:

Depending on the removal of the partial or total uterus, there are three different types of hysterectomy:

1.      Partial hysterectomy:

In partial hysterectomy, the surgeon only removes the uterus, but the cervix remains intact. However, keeping the cervix retained increases the chance of cervical cancer. It is why this hysterectomy is not generally performed.

2.      Total hysterectomy:

In a total hysterectomy, the surgeon removes the whole uterus, including the cervix, from the woman’s body. Since the cervix is removed too in total hysterectomy, there is no chance of cervical cancer. It is why it’s preferred over partial hysterectomy.

3.      Radical hysterectomy:

In a radical hysterectomy, the surgeon removes the uterus along with fallopian tubes, cervix, and one or both ovaries from the woman’s body. A hormone replacement therapy is required if both the ovaries get removed in radical hysterectomy. Radical hysterectomy is performed when all the methods fail to treat cancer of the reproductive organs.

Different procedures of performing the hysterectomy surgery:

The surgeons adopt different procedures to perform the hysterectomy surgery. It depends on the kind of disease and the overall health of the patient.

Here are the different procedures of hysterectomy used by the surgeons:

1.      Laparoscopic hysterectomy surgery:

Laparoscopic hysterectomy surgery is the preferred procedure to remove the uterus and other surrounding reproductive organs. It is also known as keyhole surgery. In this procedure, a tiny tube, called the laparoscope, having a small camera, is inserted through the small cut made in the abdomen.

The small camera allows the surgeons to see the internal organs. Once they see the uterus, they cut it into small pieces with the help of their instruments. In this way, the uterus gets removed from the woman’s body.

2.      Abdominal hysterectomy surgery:

An abdominal hysterectomy procedure is followed by the surgeons when the patient suffers from a pelvic tumor, and it’s not possible to remove it through the vagina. In this procedure, the incision is made on the tummy to remove the womb.

3.      Vaginal hysterectomy surgery:

In a vaginal hysterectomy, an incision is made on the top of the vagina. The surgical instruments are inserted inside the vagina to remove the womb and cervix from the woman’s body. Vaginal hysterectomy is preferred over abdominal hysterectomy because it completes in a short time, and the recovery rate is also fast.

Before the hysterectomy, the patient must ensure that he is in good health and can cope with the surgery. It reduces the risks and increases the recovery rate.


Dr Neelima Mantri is the best laparoscopic surgeon. She has received her training in laparoscopic hysterectomy from South Korea. Visit Dr Neelima Mantri to get the best treatment in hysterectomy Mumbai.