Intrauterine Growth Restriction Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

0 19 June 2024
Intrauterine Growth Restriction Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR) refers to a condition in which a fetus fails to achieve its expected growth potential while in the womb. In this blog, let us shed light on the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for IUGR, a condition that requires careful monitoring and medical management.

What are the Causes of IUGR?

Several factors can contribute to Intrauterine Growth Restriction, including:

  1. Placental Insufficiency: Insufficient blood flow or function of the placenta, which provides nutrients and oxygen to the fetus, can hamper fetal growth.
  2. Maternal Health Conditions:Chronic conditions such as hypertension, diabetes, kidney disease, and autoimmune disorders can impact fetal growth.
  3. Infections: Certain infections during pregnancy, such as cytomegalovirus (CMV) or Zika virus, can lead to IUGR.
  4. Genetic Factors: Inherited genetic abnormalities or chromosomal disorders may play a role in restricted fetal growth.
  5. Multiple Pregnancies:In pregnancies with twins or higher-order multiples, IUGR can occur due to competition for nutrients and space within the uterus.

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